Disclaimer - The datasets are generated through random logic in VBA. These are not real credit card data and should not be used for any other purpose other than testing.
You can download sample csv files ranging from 100 records to 1500000 records. 1.5 Million records will cross 1 million limit of Excel. But 1.5 Million Records are useful for Power Query / Power Pivot. These csv files contain data in various formats like Text and Numbers which should satisfy your need for testing.
This data set can be categorized under "Credit Card" category.
The data generated follow all known rules for credit cards.
Below are the fields which appear as part of these csv files as first line.